When making decisions, narcissists have such high esteem of themselves that they do not strive to resort to critical thinking and reflection when making decisions or solving problems: they simply believe that they will succeed because they are extraordinary people.
This is what a new study suggests, published in Thinking & Reasoning, carried out by researchers from the University of Waterloo.
As part of a series of studies investigating the relationship between narcissism, impulsivity and cognitive reflection, two types of narcissism were evaluated: great and vulnerable. Great narcissists feel more authorized, superior to others and have higher self-esteem, while vulnerable narcissists feel more insecure, defensive, introverted and have lower self-esteem.
In one study, researchers recruited 100 participants from the United States and assessed their performance on various tests of reflection and metacognition. In a subsequent study, the evaluations were repeated, with the additional examination of the impact of overconfidence on cognitive ability.
Their results confirmed that great narcissists are the ones who stand the worst unemployed, but it was also discovered that when vulnerable narcissists try to participate in cognitive reflection, they are more likely to find it as a confusing and inefficient experience.
Research has helped identify the associations between narcissism and thoughtful thought processes. Thanks to her, then, we have also taken another step to learn about the various factors involved in critical thinking and decision making. The better we understand the things that can lead people to make bad decisions, more we can help them make better decisions, according to the study authors.